The hosting industry has been taken by a storm with increased shipment of both Windows and Linux Servers. Shipment of windows server increased 28.2 percent and the Linux server revenue grew 30 percent. The unique differences between Linux and Windows hosting are listed below:
Security Point: Both Windows and Linux developers are working to improve security of each system. However, Linux hosting obviously has an upper hand and is certainly more secure. The reason being that it is based on ‘Unix’ and is designed to be a multi-user operating system from the very beginning. So, as it is made for more number of users, the security aspect is taken care of with special privileges given to root users to have control over the administration. Also, very few applications are given the permission to access the kernel. That actually helps to keep things modular and protected. Linux is less attacked by viruses, malware and other vulnerabilities. In Linux system, a clear view of system files is maintained while users of a windows system can hide files.
Server Access: FTP and Control panel are used to access an account. But, the FTP commands for windows slightly differ from that of Linux. So, that should be taken care of as a wrong entry shall obviously result in an error. However, it remains a fact that both the systems can be accessed through a control panel or FTP.
Stable Platform: Linux is capable of handling multiple processes simultaneously that runs at the same time. It is much better than what Windows is capable of. Again, there is no need to reboot Linux for a configuration change whereas windows require rebooting that result in a greater downtime. Windows servers also require defragmentation quite frequently that is eliminated on Linux. The Linux hosting has the ability to run for years uninterruptedly and the users never witness a crash.
Hardware Upgrades: On windows server, frequent hardware upgrades are required so as to accommodate the ever increasing server resource demand. Linux has less upgrading requirements and performs admirably regardless of processor or machine architecture. It can be reconfigured to include services for business purposes.
Scripting Language: PHP scripting is often found on Linux Systems. ASP scripting is found on Windows. CGI and Perl access are more often on Linux server than Windows server. So, certainly a difference lies in access to scripting languages for webpage production. Choose Linux if you want to use Ruby, Perl, PHP, Python, or CGI scripting. Choose Windows account if you use ASP, ASP.NET 2.0, or ASP.NET.
Database Use: The databases such as MySQL and Access are commonly in use. MySQL is more associated with Linux servers, although it runs on Windows servers as well. Access is exclusively a windows product found only on windows. Both, Linux and Windows have comparable database products and so can be opted without any confusion.
The software used on Linux is free. The same is with tools and applications of the system. So, the cost of ownership is cheaper than Windows that normally require licensing and add-ons that come expensive.
These are the basic differences that exist between Linux and Windows hosting. The idea of this listing is to help people understand the subtle differences so that they can opt for a service based on their requirements.